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Ines G. Županov: From Descriptive/Verbal to Pictorial Visualizations
From Descriptive/Verbal to Pictorial Visualizations
(S. 261 – 287)

Ines G. Županov

From Descriptive/Verbal to Pictorial Visualizations
Appropriating Images of Nature in the Portuguese Empire in Asia (16th and 17th Centuries)

PDF, 27 Seiten

Portuguese empire in the early modern period was an unprecedented source of visual experience. In this article, my aim is to understand the way in which the empire provided the political ecology for the creation of images and visualization of Asian nature in medico-botanical books and the first-hand accounts of the 16th and the early 17th century. By focusing more closely on the printed books by the three most famous authors on Asian materia medica  (Garcia de Orta, Cristóvão da Costa and Charles de l’Ecluse), I trace the moments in the transition between textual/verbal to pictorial visualization and link it with the changing nature of imperial patronage.

  • Portugal
  • Machtanalytik
  • Bildtheorie
  • 17. Jahrhundert
  • Ikonographie
  • 18. Jahrhundert
  • Kunstgeschichte

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Deutsch

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Deutsch, Englisch, Französisch

Ines G. Županov

is Senior Research Fellow (directrice de recherche) at the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique in Paris and she is co-director of the  Centre d’études de l’Inde et de l’Asie du Sud (CNRS/EHESS). She also taught early modern history at the University of California at Berkeley, at Jawaharlal Nehru University in New Delhi, and at the École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales in Paris. She is author of Disputed Mission; Jesuit Experiments and Brahmanical Knowledge in Seventeenth-Century India (Oxford University Press, New Delhi, 1999) and Missionary Tropics;  The Catholic Frontier in India (16 th-17th centuries) (University of Michigan Press, Ann Arbor, 2005). She co-edited five books of which the latest is L’Inde des Lumières; Discours, histoire, savoirs (XVI-XIXe s.)/ Indian Enlightenment : Between Orientalism and Social Sciences (XVII-XIX siècle ), coedited with M. Fourcade,  Purusartha, 31, Editions EHESS, 2013. Her articles in English, French, Portuguese, Italian, Spanish and Croatian are published in edited books and journals (Annales, Representations, Etnosistemi, Studies in History, Indian Economic and Social History Review, Archives de sciences sociales des religions, Journal of Early Modern History, Revista de Cultura, Itinerario, Medieval History Journal, etc.). A co-written monograph with Ângela Barreto Xavier entitled Catholic Orientalism ; Portuguese Empire, Indian Knowledge (16th-18th c.) is forthcoming from Oxford University Press in  New Delhi.

Urte Krass (Hg.): Visualizing Portuguese Power

Images have always played a vital role in political communication and in the visualization of power structures and hierarchies. They gain even more importance in situations where non-verbal communication prevails: In the negotiation processes between two (or more) different cultures, the language of the visual is often thought of as the most effective way to acquaint (and overpower) the others with one’s own principles, beliefs, and value systems. Scores of these asymmetrical exchange situations have taken place in the Portuguese overseas empire since its gradual expansion in the 16th century.
This book offers new insights into the broad and differentiated spectrum of functions images could assume in political contexts in those areas dominated by the Portuguese in early modern times. How were objects and artifacts staged and handled to generate new layers of meaning and visualize political ideas and concepts? And what were the respective reasons, means, and effects of the visualization of Portuguese power and politics?

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